Curriculum - Science
What is Science?
A high-quality science education provides the foundations for understanding the world through the specific disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics. Science has changed our lives, and is vital to the world’s future prosperity, and all pupils should be taught essential aspects of the knowledge, methods, processes and uses of science.
Science at Chestnut Street
Science at Key Stage 1
The main focus of science teaching in Key Stage 1 is to enable children to experience and observe phenomena; looking more closely at the natural and humanly-constructed world around them. They are encouraged to be curious and ask questions about what they notice. Also, they are helped to develop their understanding of scientific ideas by using different types of scientific enquiry to answer their own questions, including: observing changes over a period of time, noticing patterns, grouping and classifying things and carrying out simple comparative tests. Most of the learning about science is done through the use of first-hand practical experiences, but the children are also introduced to appropriate secondary sources, such as books, photographs and videos.
Science at Lower Key Stage 2.
The main focus of science teaching in Lower Key Stage 2 is to enable pupils to broaden their scientific view of the world around them. They do this through exploring, talking about, testing and developing ideas about everyday phenomena and the relationships between living things and familiar environments. They are encouraged to ask their own questions about what they observe and make some decisions about which types of scientific enquiry are likely to be the best ways of answering them, including: observing changes over time, noticing patterns, grouping and classifying things, carrying out simple fair tests and finding things out using secondary sources of information.
Science at Upper Key Stage 2.
The principal focus of science teaching in upper Key Stage 2 is to enable pupils to develop a deeper understanding of a wide range of scientific ideas. They do this through exploring and talking about their ideas; asking their own questions about scientific phenomena; and analysing functions, relationships and interactions more systematically. At upper Key Stage 2, children are beginning to recognise how abstract ideas help them to understand and predict how the world operates. They also begin to recognise that scientific ideas change and develop over time. They are encouraged to select the most appropriate ways to answer science questions using different types of scientific enquiry, including: observing changes over different periods of time, noticing patterns, grouping and classifying things, carrying out fair tests and finding things out using a wide range of secondary sources of information. Pupils also draw conclusions based on their data and observations, use evidence to justify their ideas, and use their scientific knowledge and understanding to explain their findings.